OfS sets new expectations for student outcomes

New thresholds will come into place next week which set minimum expectations for the proportion of students on higher education courses who continue on their course, graduate, and go on to further study or find a professional job, the Office for Students (OfS) has announced today.

Universities and colleges that perform below these thresholds could face investigation to allow the OfS to understand the reasons for their performance. If, following investigation, performance is not adequately explained by a provider’s context, the OfS has the power to intervene and impose sanctions for a breach of its conditions of registration.

The thresholds have been set following an extensive consultation process, with views from students and their representatives, and universities and colleges, considered. Different thresholds have been set for courses depending on their mode and level of study, which take into account the differences in outcomes for students who study full- and part-time, and those on undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The OfS will also consider performance in individual subjects, to ensure pockets of poor performance can be identified and addressed.

For full-time students studying for a first degree, the thresholds are for:

  • 80 per cent of students to continue their studies
  • 75 per cent of students to complete their course
  • 60 per cent of students to go on to further study, professional work, or other positive outcomes, within 15 months of graduating.

Commenting Susan Lapworth, chief executive of the OfS, said:

'Many universities and colleges deliver successful outcomes for their students and our new thresholds should not trouble them. But too many students, often from disadvantaged backgrounds, are recruited onto courses with weak outcomes which do not improve their life chances. We can now intervene where outcomes for students are low, and where universities and colleges cannot credibly explain why.

'We recognise that students choose higher education for a variety of reasons. Many are focused on improving their career prospects and it is right that we’re prepared to tackle courses with low numbers of students going into professional work. Our new approach also takes into account other positive outcomes, for example, further study, or graduates building their own business or a portfolio career.

'Most higher education students in England are on courses with outcomes above our thresholds, often significantly so. These courses put students in a good position to continue their successes after graduation. But today’s decision provides a clear incentive for universities and colleges to take credible action to improve the outcomes of courses which may be cause for concern.'


  1. Performance below a numerical threshold does not mean that a provider is not meeting the OfS’s minimum expectations. The OfS only makes a judgement that a provider is not compliant after considering the context in which it is operating. This means that we may find that a provider with performance below a numerical threshold is delivering positive outcomes for its students. We have not yet made any judgments about any providers.
  2. The OfS has published supporting documents which set out how the thresholds have been set, and the factors considered in reaching decisions.
  3. The OfS is also publishing a range of official statistics relating to student outcomes:
Published 30 September 2022

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