Official statistic: Key performance measure 4

Gap in degree outcomes (1sts or 2:1s) between white students and black students

22.1 percentage points

In 2018-19, there was a difference of 22.1 percentage points between the proportion of white and black students getting a 1st or 2:1

Learn about the target for this measure

What does this show?

KPM 4 shows the percentage point gap between the proportions of white and black students receiving a 1st or a 2:1 over time.

We want to focus our efforts on where the need is greatest and where we can have the most impact. Evidence shows that black students receive proportionately fewer 1sts and 2:1s than their white peers. However, this gap has closed by 1 percentage point between 2017-18 and 2018-19.

In the future we may change the measure to track rates of success among other groups, if these differences become more significant.

Get the data


First publication.

Update to include data for academic year 2017-18 and change to population used to derive measure (change from England domiciled graduates to UK domiciled graduates).

Update to include data for academic year 2018-19.

About the measure

The measure shows degree outcomes by ethnic origin. Specifically the measure shows the percentage point difference in the proportions of white and black students receiving a 1st or a 2:1 over time.

  • Frequency: Annual
  • Population: Full-time undergraduate degree (otherwise known as first-degree) graduates domiciled in the UK, obtaining classified honours degrees from higher education providers in England whose ethnicity is recorded as black or white.
  • Data sources: Individual student data from HESA and the Individual Learner Record from ESFA
  • Available: January, 6 months after the end of the academic year in which a student graduates.


If you have any queries about the statistics published as KPM 4, please contact Annalise Ruck at [email protected].

If you have any queries about our overall approach or on individual measures, please contact Josh Fleming at [email protected].

Published 13 September 2018
Last updated 02 April 2020
02 April 2020
Annual update
21 March 2019
Annual update and change to population used

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